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How Do You Hire Offshore PHP Developers for Your Startup?

Posted May 26, 2020 Offshore Team

What is PHP? PHP is an open-source and general-purpose programming language with great compatibility across almost all servers and databases. Today, PHP is used by Facebook, Wikipedia, WordPress, Slack, etc. It is free, uncomplicated, and well-documented. 


How to Hire the Best Offshore PHP Developers

Hiring offshore PHP developers that make your websites or apps competitive is vital for any startup. Here are some of our best tips:

  • Engage an Advisor

Someone well-versed in programming may know exactly what they are looking for when seeking a PHP developer, but many founders/business owners are non-technical. So the fact that the PHP market is filled with many inexperienced software engineers further complicates the selection process. 

That's why it can be beneficial to hire advisors, who will thoroughly analyze your needs and then find suitable candidates. Good companies offering this service will transform your overall goals into clear criteria, through which they will select, screen, and shape the list of vetted candidates for your vacancy. As a result, you’ll be able to interview potential employees and build a team much more efficiently.

  • Prepare the Right Interview Questions

Some basic questions to use when looking to hire offshore PHP developers:

  • What is the difference between an Interface and a Class in PHP?
  • What is the difference between the include() and require() functions
  • What is polymorphism?
  • What is MVC?
  • What are the main error types in PHP and how do they differ?
  • How does PHP session work?
  • What are the visibility keywords of a property or method in PHP?
  • Explain the difference between $_POST and $_GET.

You should expect substantiated responses, not just definitions. If a potential developer shows they understand HTTP extensively, it’s a positive sign. Check specific expertise of your offshore PHP developer by asking:

  • How do you load classes in PHP?
  • What does ob_start do?

Why Outsource to Ukraine?

Get data on the state of the Ukrainian IT market and discover why Ukraine is one of the top destinations for outsourcing software development in 2020.

ukraine-best-it-outsourcing-destination

These questions are useful, as these features of PHP are widely used in many frameworks. A good tip is to also ask seemingly simple questions such as:

  • Is multiple inheritance supported by PHP?
  • How do you increase the execution time of a PHP script?

This way, the candidate can demonstrate practical knowledge. But never push for this, instead allow them to offer it themselves. A good offshore PHP developer will be eager to display such things. Another good way to check for enthusiasm, is to ask questions like:

  • What changes has PHP gone through in recent years? E.g. what is the difference between PHP3, PHP4, and PHP5?
  • Name PHP design patterns you have worked with.

As well as double-checking the engineer’s past experience with PHP, this also gives them a free canvas to display how interested in the language they are. The best offshore PHP developers will be able to talk above and beyond your expectations about their past work, or how their personal development has expanded along with PHP itself.

  • Find Out About the Personal Achievements of an offshore PHP developer

The aspect of a potential employee’s personal development is crucial. StackOverflow outlines some of the key forums where developers talk about PHP, and these are incredibly useful resources for discovering what exactly your future staff will be motivated by. 

Determine what type of culture your company should hold for PHP programmers and triple-check your outsourcing vendor will be a happy place for them. Be sure — if they get a chance to be part of an engaged, positive team, this will resonate well with your final product.

  • Be a Good Employer

This goes without saying, however, is still incredibly important. Beyond the aforementioned company culture, you should also think about things such as the salary you are offering.
Besides, make sure each of your team members has great career development opportunities and is valued by their company. People enjoy being drivers of a change and being a part of something innovative, so don't miss a chance to lay the groundwork for a thriving team. 

Where to Hire Offshore PHP Developers?

There are many offshore PHP developers in Eastern Europe: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, etc. These countries have wide tech talent pools, stemming from lots of physics and mathematics universities that train young people in engineering. As for Ukraine, the country shows a high managerial ability and Western work ethics. Moreover, today companies consider Ukraine as one of the best destinations to hire developers.

According to our research, there are 9K PHP developers in Ukraine, meaning the possibility to find the perfect candidates is extremely high.

number-php-developers

The number of PHP developers in Ukraine

What Are Offshore PHP Developer Rates?

Offshore software development rates in Latin America range within $30-50$. In Eastern Europe, the hourly rates are lower — 25$-50$. Offshore developer hourly rate in Asia begins at 18$ and reaches 40$ per hour. In Africa, development agencies charge between 20$ and 40$ per hour depending on the developer's skillset. 

Note: The rates above are just average rates regardless of technology software developers are specialized in. For PHP developers, the rates will be much lower. E.g. In Ukraine, the average rates for PHP developers will be approx $15 per hour, while in the USA, the rates can reach $35 per hour.

offshore-developer-rates-php

Offshore developer rates

 What Is the Average PHP Developer Salary?

The average PHP developer salary in the world is $64,275 per year. Developers with less than 1 year of experience earn $50K annually. PHP developers with 1-4 years of experience earn $60K; the salary for PHP developers having 5-9 years of experience rises to $70K.

PHP Developer Salary in Different Countries

CountryPHP Developer Salary 2020PHP Developer Salary 2017
The USA$64,275$86,353
Switzerland$90,556$73,207
Denmark$52,023$71,409
Germany$52,818$47,421
Norway$44,137$66,694
The UK$36,007$48,444
Australia$44,447$50,269
Finland$32,341$41,977
Israel$73,441$39,953
The Netherlands$43,654$39,447
Ukraine$30,000 - 

According to PayScale, Switzerland pays the highest PHP developer salary — $90,556. Israel comes next with PHP developer salary reaching $73,441. The US takes third place with the average salary for PHP developers reaching $64,275. 

PHP developer salaries in Denmark and Germany are approximately the same and reach $52K. In Norway, Australia, and the Netherlands the PHP developer salary lies in the range of $43-$44K. In Finland and the UK, the salary for PHP developers is the lowest — $32K and $36K correspondingly.

In general, PHP developers are paid less than their peers in other programming languages.

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Why PHP Developer Salary Is Lower Than Salaries for Other Programming Languages?

PHP developer salary is lower than the salary of professionals skilled in other programming languages. This isn’t because of PHP development decreasing, but for several other reasons:

  • Insufficient Experience in PHP

Companies have many options when it comes to hiring PHP developers. The demand is high, but the supply is even higher. College students are learning PHP on a massive scale due to its simplicity and the sheer amount of tutorials available online. 

Many PHP developers are young, self-taught, and self-employed, with no real-world experience. All of these factors decrease the average PHP developer salary. Yet, good PHP developers, who are hard to find, can expect good salaries.

  • A Low Barrier for Entry in PHP Development

As well as the aforementioned reasons for PHP being highly accessible, it’s also incredibly cheap to get involved with. Entry costs for budding developers are low, as PHP has many informative resources and is open source. 

The barrier for someone to enter the field as a PHP developer is very low, creating inequality compared to other programming languages. For example, the average Java or .NET developer is more experienced and produces better code in comparison to the majority of PHP programmers.

  • Investment

Larger companies invest more resources in such fields as Java and .NET. Therefore, we see higher salaries in these fields. Many smaller companies use PHP, so when compared, we start to see some of the underlying differences among versatile programming languages.

  • The Best PHP Developers Are Also Skilled in Other Languages

PHP is a language that becomes useful through other technologies. Thus, a good PHP developer needs to have experience with the programming fundamentals. 
The best candidates will have knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, in order for their PHP talents to be effective. By itself, PHP is easy to use and is not as complex as .NET or Java, but is never used alone.

Is PHP a Dying Technology? 

Certainly not. According to Google Trends, the popularity of PHP in 2020 remains approximately on the same level as in 2019. 

php-programming-language-popularity

PHP Programming Language

Why Is PHP popular?

  1. PHP is a simple language to learn, and its users are often self-taught.
  2. PHP can be learnt for free and has a huge community.
  3. PHP is open-source, so many offshore development locations have a lot of workers looking for PHP development jobs. 
  4. Digital staples such as WordPress are built with the help of PHP. Besides, PHP is the most frequent choice for many small businesses and startups. It’s hard to find companies that have not used PHP technologies at some point.

The most widely-used PHP frameworks in 2020 are Laravel, Symfony, Code Igniter, Yii2, Zend.

Offshore PHP Developers For Your Project

Hiring PHP developers is very tricky. It’s clear that finding them is not a problem — the question at issue is finding a professional, who is experienced and skilled and will actually benefit your project instead of hindering it.

Here at Daxx, we help businesses on a global scale, assisting them in building Ukrainian development teams in our offices in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Dnipro, and Lviv. We help retain dedicated teams, handling payroll, taxes, team retention, and HR, whilst you can focus on the creative development of your product. 
Our experts can help you determine what skills and experience exactly you need to look for in your potential offshore PHP developers. As a result, we'll put together a detailed list of criteria, which will be used to search for appropriate candidates.

You are then free to personally interview the candidates you like and are welcome to visit our offices. If you have any questions simply contact us via the form below and we'll get back to you shortly. 

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Daxx Team

Daxx Team is a team of passionate creative writers, content marketers, designers who vigorously research internet as well as cooperate with developers and Managing Director at Daxx to provide you with the top-notch material about tech, salary trends, development team hiring and management tips as well as up-to-date information about Ukrainian IT outsourcing market.

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