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What Is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in the US, the UK and the EU?

Posted Dec 30, 2019 Trends

Front-end technologies are evolving faster than ever. Just think about it: on average, a front-end developer has to learn a new tech stack every two years. Despite the fact that JavaScript developers make up the largest tech community in the world, leading tech countries are still facing severe talent scarcity. Find out how many front-end developers there are in the world, how much front-end developers make in the most tech-savvy countries, and what affects their salaries.


To fill in the gap, tech businesses continue their surge to Ukraine which is expected to have about 200K software developers by 2020. As of 2019, Ukraine’s tech talent pool boasts about 185K IT professionals, which makes the country send the biggest outsourcing location in Eastern Europe.

What is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in the World?

According to PayScale and Upwork, the average Front-End developer salary in the US is $105K per year. Senior Front-End developers have a salary of $145K(PayScale). A mid-career front-end developer makes around $100K a year. A junior front-end developer with 1–3 years of experience has a salary of $72K.

Average Front-End Developer Salary in the World
Country/City          Average Junior Front-End Developer SalaryAverage Middle Front-End Developer SalaryAverage Senior Front-End Developer Salary
USA$72K$100K$145K
San Francisco$87K$122K$174K
New York$68K$93K$149K
Los Angeles$68K$96K$142K
San Jose$75K$98K$133K
Chicago$62K$89K$130K
Netherlands$41K$56K$82K
UK$32K$50K$69K
Switzerland$37K$90K$141K
Germany$43K$55K$70K
Austria$33K$48K$64K
Denmark$48K$66K$99K
Sweden$31K$45K$63K
Finland$32K$41K$60K

How Much Does a Front-End Developer Make?

According to PayScale and Accelerance, the average front-end developer salaries range between $31K and above $100K depending on the level of expertise and the country.

Average Front-End Developer Salary in the World

Average Front-End Developer Salary in the World


Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United States


The average front-end developer salary in the US is $105K per year. Additionally, front-end engineers receive $2.5K worth of bonuses in cash. Other common benefits include stock options, free meals, gym memberships, etc.
 

Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United States

Average Front-end Developer Salary in the United States

What Is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United States? 

San Francisco is the leading tech center in the US. Front-end developer salary here begins from $87K a year for junior professionals. A senior-level specialist can expect to make $174K in San Francisco.

San Jose comes second with junior front-end developers earning $87K per year. $122K is offered for middle-level positions and $174K for senior positions.

Front-end developers in New York City and Los Angeles have similar salaries. According to PayScale, a junior engineer in NY earns approximately $68K a year—the same as in LA, while a senior specialist would get $142K in LA and $149K in NYC.

Front-end developers in Chicago with up to two years of experience in engineering get $62K a year. Middle-to-senior engineers in Chicago get from $89K up to $130K or more a year.

An average salary for a React.js developer in the US is $79K per year which makes it one of the most expensive front-end developers. The average salary for an Angular.js developer is about $75K followed by a JavaScript developer who earns $72K per year.

  • JavaScript - $72,045
  • CSS - $68,463
  • HTML5 - $68,698
  • React.js - $79,627
  • Angular.js - $75,193
Salary by Experience Level for Front-End Developer in the United States

Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United States by Experience Level (source)

Offshore Developer Rates Guide

Get outsourcing rates in Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America, Africa as well as tips on how to choose the country for offshore development.

offshore-developer-rates-guide

Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United Kingdom

The UK takes the leading position on the European tech arena housing over 3K startups, 30 accelerators, and 15 global businesses. With the general population of 66.4M citizens, the UK has more than 338K programmers.

London attracts the biggest number of front-end developers in Great Britain and the EU in general. Edinburgh, Oxford, and Cambridge are second best cities in terms of talent number in the UK.

Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United Kingdom

Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United Kingdom

What is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United Kingdom?

In the UK, a junior front-end developer makes up to $32K a year, a middle front-end developer would get around $50K, and the average senior salary would reach $69K.

Average Front-End Developer Salary in the Netherlands

About 385 startups, two startup accelerators and offices of nine global tech leaders take Amsterdam to third place in TechBeacon’s rating of best cities for startups in the world. Eindhoven, Delft, and Rotterdam are less popular yet still crowded Dutch IT hubs.

What is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in the Netherlands?

According to PayScale, the average salary for a front-end developer in Amsterdam is $67K per year. A junior front-end developer can earn up to $34K, a middle front-end developer’s salary gets up to around $67K, and a senior makes $79K annually.

  • JavaScript - $47K
  • CSS - $44K
  • HTML5 - $45K
  • React.js - $48K
  • Angular.js - $54K
​Salary by Experience Level for Front-End Developer in the Netherlands

Average Salary for Front-End Developer in the Netherlands by Experience Level (source)

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Nordic Region

​Salary by Experience Level for Front-End Developer in Nordic Region (source)

Average Front-End Developer Salary in Denmark, Sweden, and Finland

Average Front-End Developer Salary in Denmark

Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, has one of the highest salaries for junior front-end developers in Europe. Denmark is the most digitized country with 94% of citizens working online. Copenhagen houses 95K developers and has won the status of the most comfortable city for tech talent.

What is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in Denmark?

The average front-end developer salary in Denmark is $86K, according to PayScale. On average, in Copenhagen a junior front-end developer earns $48K a year, a middle specialist gets $66K, and a senior front-end engineer salary reaches $99K.

Pay by Experience Level for Front-End Developer in Denmark (source)

Pay by Experience Level for Front-End Developer in Denmark (source)

Average Front-End Developer Salary in Sweden

Second only to San Jose, Stockholm has the largest number of unicorn startups per capita in the world. The general population of Sweden reaches 10M citizens, with 175K developers among them. 

The capital has 352 startups and six global tech corporations and houses a powerful startup accelerator Sparx. 

What is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in Sweden?

SalaryExpert states that the average salary for a junior front-end developer in Sweden can get $31K a year. According to PayScale, the average salary for middle software developer with 4–9 years of experience is $45K, and a senior front-end developer makes about $63K.

Average Front-End Developer Salary in Finland

Finland is the second most digitized country in the EU. The lively tech landscape of Helsinki is composed of 274 startups and four accelerators. Finland’s rather small population of 5.5M citizens includes 83K developers.

What is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in Finland?

The average JavaScript engineers salary in Finland is around $42K annually, according to PayScale. A junior front-end developer salary in Finland is $32K. A middle front-end specialist with 4–9 years of experience makes about $41K a year. Salary of a senior front-end developer in Finland can reach above $60K.

DACH Region

Average Front-end Developer Salaries in DACH Region

Average Front-end Developer Salaries in DACH Region

Average Front-End Developer Salary in Germany

Berlin alone houses 1.5K startups, says Germany Startup Monitor. Intense competition on the local market makes it harder for small businesses to hire high-quality talent for a reasonable cost.

Germany has by far the biggest software developer pool in Europe of about 837K software engineers. Munich, Berlin, Darmstadt, Hamburg, and Stuttgart are the main digital hubs.

What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Germany?

According to PayScale, the average salary for a junior front-end developer is approximately $43K in Berlin. On average, a middle front-end developer earns about $55K. Meanwhile, a senior front-end developer makes around $70K a year, according to Accelerance.

Average Salary for a Front-End Developer in Switzerland

With a humble population of 8.5M, the country boasts 144K developers, making Switzerland the land of startups. About 836 new startups were registered in 2019, and the number is gradually increasing.

Switzerland compares with San Jose, US in terms of front-end salary level. The main difference between the two is the income tax. In Switzerland, withholding tax deducts 35% of income while in the US, an employee has to pay social security and medicare taxes, federal income tax, and state income tax.

What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Switzerland?

The average salary for junior front-end developers in Switzerland is $37K a year. A middle front-end developer’s annual salary is about $90K. A senior front-end developer earns about $141K a year.

Average Front-End Developer Salary in Austria

Austria is a developing IT country with a general population of 8.8M citizens, 92K of whom are software developers. As a result of the rapid growth of the tech startup arena during 2018 and 2019, Austria now has more than 300 tech startups

What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Austria?

The average salary for a junior front-end developer in Austria is about $33K a year. A middle front-end engineer earns $48K. An average salary of a senior front-end engineer in Austria reaches about $64K.

Average Salary for Front-End Developer in Ukraine

Experience, exclusive knowledge, robust skill set, and market rates are the factors that shape the salary of front-end developers in Ukraine. We took the latest data from the biggest online community of Ukrainian developers dou.ua and would like to emphasize that the salaries vary from company to company and from developer to developer should always be clarified with sales representatives.

The most popular tech hubs for outsourcing in Ukraine are Kyiv, Dnipro, Kharkiv, Lviv, and Odesa, which all have numerous educational institutions for technical specialists. In fact, about 35K entry-level engineers graduate from Ukrainian higher education institutions per year.

What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Ukraine?

According to PayScale, the average salary for a junior front-end developer in Ukraine is up to 18K a year. A middle front-end engineer makes 35K, and a senior front-end tech specialist makes above 54K a year. 

What’s the Most Popular Front-End Technology in the World?

The most popular front-end technology according to Stack Overflow is JavaScript- almost 70% of front-end developers chose it as primary technology and React.js as the most frequently used front-end framework.

Most Popular Front-End Technologies and Frameworks
Front-End TechnologiesFront-End Frameworks
JavaScript 69.7%
HTML/CSS 63.1%
SQL 56.5%
Python 39.4%
Java 39.2%
React.js 74.5%
Vue.js 73.6%
Angular/Angular.js 57.6%


JavaScript works on an event-based principle which means that the front-end part of a website reacts to clicks (events) on the interface and collects data about the visitor’s behavior.


Later on, the website's owner can use the information to improve interaction between the client and the brand. What's more, JavaScript is compatible with all types of platforms—mobile and desktop alike.

What Does a Front-End Developer Do?

Front-end developers take design layouts and bring them to life by converting them into HTML, CSS and JavaScript code. After that, a meticulously designed page becomes a fully responsive website with clickable buttons and smooth animation effects.

Depending on the seniority level and additional expertise, a front-end developer can:

  1. Transform a website design concept into a JavaScript, CSS and HTML code

  2. Create highly interactive interfaces with smooth user experience in mind 

  3. Implement search engine optimization best practices

  4. Make sure a website is bug-free and easy to use

Technical Skills a Front-End Developer Must Possess

Working with an interface isn’t the only thing a front-end developer does. A front-end developer is expected to have a good working knowledge of Search Engine Optimization, Quality Assurance, and DevOps. 

A junior front-end developer has to know HTML/CSS, be generally aware of JavaScript principles, and have experience in using basic frameworks—Angular, React.js or Vue.js.

A middle front-end developer is expected to know how to set up a new project from scratch. Profound knowledge of DOM API, algorithms and semantics are the baseline skills required from a middle front-end engineer.

Senior front-end developers are usually hired to create project architecture from square one. That’s why a senior engineer has to know the best programming practices, use programming patterns and have a working knowledge of setting up Webpack.

Technical Skills of a Front-End Developer by Seniority Level
Junior Front-End DeveloperMiddle Front-End DeveloperSenior Front-End Developer
  • HTML/CSS
  • Entry-level knowledge of JavaScript
  • Any basic framework of choice: React.js/Vue.js/AngularGit

 

 

 

  • Everything a junior front-end developer knows
  • Advanced framework of choice: React.js/Vue.js/Angular
  • Project setup from scratch
  • Basic knowledge of DOM API
  • Know how to implement libraries
  • Know how to create e2e texts
  • Profound knowledge of semantics
  • Everything a junior and a middle front-end developer know
  • Applied knowledge of building project architecture
  • Use programming patterns
  • Adv level with algorithms
  • Applied knowledge of setting up Webpack
  • Best programming practices


How to Find Your Front-End Developer: Frequently Used Front-End Job Titles

The job of a front-end developer is so multifaceted that we should dig a bit deeper to find out what specialist you need to work on your project. That’s why we’ve made a table with the most common front-end developer job titles and borrowed the of their functions from Frontend Masters.

Front-End Engineer

Specialist has a computer science degree and applied knowledge of building applications

CSS/HTML Developer

Expertise is limited to CSS and HTML, excluding application knowledge and JavaScript

Front-End Developer

Specialist with average knowledge of JavaScript, HTML, CSS and DOM

Frequently Used Front-End Job Titles

Popular Front-End Job Titles
TitleSkills Required
Front-End Web DesignerKnowledge extends on CSS/HTML and visual and interactional design
Mobile/Tablet Front-End DeveloperExperience in building front-ends for mobile and tablet interfaces
Front-End Accessibility ExpertWorking knowledge of crafting interfaces that adhere to accessibility standards
Front-End Testing/QARich experience in conducting unit, functional, A/B, and user testing
Front-End SEO ExpertCan create interfaces well-optimized for search engines
Web/Front-End User Interface EngineerWorking knowledge of interaction design principles and front-end development skills


How Many JavaScript Developers Are There in the World?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of JavaScript developers will grow by 27% between 2014 and 2024.

Number of JavaScript Developers in 2019 (source)

Number of JavaScript Developers in 2019 (source)

Citing the latest research by SlashData State of Developer Nation, “JavaScript is and remains the queen of programming languages with a community of over 11M active developers. On the second tier we have Java (6.9M) and Python (6.8M).”

Worldwide Front-End Developer Payment Trends: What Factors Matter?

Experience

Increased demand for senior engineers and devaluation of seniority levels. In the 2000s, to apply for a senior developer position, a candidate had to have over 10 years of experience. In 2019, the bar lowered to 5 years.

Knowledge

The ever-evolving front-end tech stack and the lack of tech educational institutions. The tech stack of front-end development changes every two years, and universities are struggling to catch up. 

Talent pool size

America and Western European countries generate 90% of talent demand but suffer from a severe talent shortage, while  Eastern European and Asian countries are the main centers for talent generation.

Searching for front-end developers for hire? Daxx can help you extend your tech team with the JavaScript, CSS/HTML engineers and many other specialists. Take a look at the CVs of out front-end programmers or share your needs in the request form.

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Kateryna Kachkovska

Content Marketing Manager

Kateryna is a Content Marketing Manager at Daxx driven to help business owners make data-based decisions. Feel free to contact her with offers on content promotion and collaboration.

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