To fill in the gap, tech businesses continue their surge to Ukraine which is expected to have about 200K software developers by 2020. As of 2019, Ukraine’s tech talent pool boasts about 184.7K IT professionals, which makes the country send the biggest outsourcing location in Eastern Europe.
- What is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in the World?
- The United States
- The United Kingdom
- The Netherlands
- Nordic Region: Denmark, Sweden, Finland
- DACH Region: Germany, Switzerland, Austria
- Average Front-End Developer Salary in Ukraine
- Frequently Used Front-End Job Titles
The United States offers the highest-paying positions for front-end developers. The average salary of a front-end developer in the US is $104K per year. A junior front-end developer with 1–3 years of experience earns compensation of $72K. A mid-career front-end engineer makes around $100K a year.
Average Front-End Developer Salary in the World
Average Front-End Developer Salary Globally
The average salary of a front-end developer in the US is $104K per year. Additionally, front-end engineers receive $2.5K worth of bonuses in cash. Other common benefits include stock options, free meals, gym memberships, etc.
Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United States
What Is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United States?
San Francisco is the leading tech center in the US. Front-end developer salaries here begin from $87K a year for entry-level professionals. A senior-level specialist can expect to make $174K in San Francisco.
San Jose comes second with junior front-end developers earning $87K per year. $122K is offered for middle-level positions and $174K for senior positions.
Front-end developers in New York City and Los Angeles have similar salaries. An entry-level engineer in NY earns approximately $68K a year—the same as in LA, while a senior specialist would get $142K in LA and $149K in NYC.
Front-end developers in Chicago with up to two years of experience in engineering get $62K a year. Middle-to-senior engineers in Chicago get from $89K up to $130K or more a year.
- CSS - $68,463
- HTML5 - $68,698
- React.js - $79,627
- Angular.js - $75,193
Salary by Experience Level for Front-End Developer in the United States (source)
The UK takes the leading position on the European tech arena housing over 3K startups, 30 accelerators, and 15 global businesses. With the general population of 66.4M citizens, the UK has more than 338K programmers.
London attracts the biggest number of front-end developers in Great Britain and the EU in general. Edinburgh, Oxford, and Cambridge are second best cities in terms of talent number in the UK.
Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United Kingdom
What is the Average Front-End Developer Salary in the United Kingdom?
In the UK, a junior front-end developer makes up to $32K a year, a middle front-end developer would get around $50K, and the average senior salary would reach $69K.
About 385 startups, two startup accelerators and offices of nine global tech leaders take Amsterdam to third place in TechBeacon’s rating of best cities for startups in the world. Eindhoven, Delft, and Rotterdam are less popular yet still crowded Dutch IT hubs.
What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in the Netherlands?
According to PayScale, the average salary for a front-end developer in Amsterdam is $67K per year. A junior front-end developer can earn up to $34K, a middle front-end developer’s salary gets up to around $67K, and a senior makes $79K annually.
- CSS - $44K
- HTML5 - $45K
- React.js - $48K
- Angular.js - $54K
Salary by Experience Level for Front-End Developer in the Netherlands (source)
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Average Front-End Developer Salary in Nordic Region
Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, has one of the highest salaries for junior front-end developers in Europe. Denmark is the most digitized country with 94% of citizens working online. Copenhagen houses 95K developers and has won the status of the most comfortable city for tech talent.
What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Denmark?
The average front-end developer salary in Denmark is $86K, according to PayScale. On average, in Copenhagen a junior front-end engineer earns $48K a year, a middle specialist gets $66K, and a senior front-end engineer salary reaches $99K.
Pay by Experience Level for Front-End Developer in Denmark (source)
Second only to San Jose, Stockholm has the largest number of unicorn startups per capita in the world. The general population of Sweden reaches 10M citizens, with 175K developers among them.
The capital has 352 startups and six global tech corporations and houses a powerful startup accelerator Sparx.
What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Sweden?
A junior front-end developer in Sweden can get $31K a year, a mid-career specialist with 4–9 years of experience earns $45K, and a senior front-end developer makes about $63K.
Finland is the second most digitized country in the EU. The lively tech landscape of Helsinki is composed of 274 startups and four accelerators. Finland’s rather small population of 5.5M citizens includes 83K developers.
What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Finland?
Average Front-end Developer Salaries in DACH Region
Berlin alone houses 1.5K startups, says Germany Startup Monitor. An intense competition on the local market makes it harder for small businesses to hire high-quality talent for a reasonable cost.
Germany has by far the biggest software developer pool in Europe of about 837K software engineers. Munich, Berlin, Darmstadt, Hamburg and Stuttgart are the main digital hubs.
What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Germany?
A junior front-end developer earns approximately $43K in Berlin. A middle front-end developer earns about $55K. Meanwhile, a senior front-end developer makes around $70K a year.
With a humble population of 8.5M, the country boasts 144K developers, making Switzerland the land of startups. About 836 new startups were registered in 2019, and the number is gradually increasing.
Switzerland compares with San Jose, US in terms of front-end salary level. The main difference between the two is income tax. In Switzerland, withholding tax deducts 35% of income while in the US, an employee has to pay social security and medicare taxes, federal income tax, and state income tax.
What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Switzerland?
Swiss entry-level front-end developers earn around $37K a year. A middle front-end developer’s annual salary is about $90K. A senior front-end developer earns about $141K a year.
Austria is a developing IT country with a general population of 8.8M citizens, 92K of whom are software developers. As a result of the rapid growth of the tech startup arena during 2018 and 2019, Austria now has more than 300 tech startups.
What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Austria?
The average salary of an entry-level front-end developer in Austria is about $33K a year. A middle front-end engineer earns $48K. An average salary of a senior front-end engineer in Austria reaches about $64K.
Experience, exclusive knowledge, robust skill set, and market rates are the factors that shape the salary of front-end developers in Ukraine. We took the latest data from the biggest online community of Ukrainian developers dou.ua and would like to emphasize that the salaries vary from company to company and from developer to developer should always be clarified with sales representatives.
The most popular tech hubs in Ukraine are Kyiv, Dnipro, Kharkiv, Lviv and Odesa, which all have numerous educational institutions for technical specialists. In fact, about 35K entry-level engineers graduate from Ukrainian higher education institutions per year.
What is the Average Salary of a Front-End Developer in Ukraine?
The average salary of a junior front-end developer in Ukraine is up to 18K a year. A middle front-end engineer makes 35K, and a senior front-end tech specialist makes above 54K a year.
Favorite Front-End Technologies and Frameworks
Depending on the seniority level and additional expertise, a front-end developer can:
Create highly interactive interfaces with smooth user experience in mind
Implement search engine optimization best practices
Make sure a website is bug-free and easy to use
Working with an interface isn’t the only thing a front-end developer does. A front-end developer is expected to have a good working knowledge of Search Engine Optimization, Quality Assurance, and DevOps.
Middle front-end developer is expected to know how to set up a new project from scratch. Profound knowledge of DOM API, algorithms and semantics are the baseline skills required from a middle front-end engineer.
Senior front-end developers are usually hired to create project architecture from square one. That’s why a senior engineer has to know the best programming practices, use programming patterns and have a working knowledge of setting up Webpack.
Technical Skills of a Front-End Developer by Seniority Level
Junior Front-End Developer
Middle Front-End Developer
Senior Front-End Developer
The job of a front-end developer is so multifaceted that we should dig a bit deeper to find out what specialist you need to work on your project. That’s why we’ve made a table with the most common front-end developer job titles and borrowed the of their functions from Frontend Masters.
Specialist has a computer science degree and applied knowledge of building applications
Frequently Used Front-End Job Titles
Front-End Web Designer
|Knowledge extends on CSS/HTML and visual and interactional design|
Mobile/Tablet Front-End Developer
|Experience in building front-ends for mobile and tablet interfaces|
Front-End Accessibility Expert
|Working knowledge of crafting interfaces that adhere to accessibility standards|
|Rich experience in conducting unit, functional, A/B, and user testing|
Front-End SEO Expert
|Can create interfaces well-optimized for search engines|
Web/Front-End User Interface Engineer
|Working knowledge of interaction design principles and front-end development skills|
Increased demand for senior engineers and devaluation of seniority levels. In the 2000s, to apply for a senior developer position, a candidate had to have over 10 years of experience. In 2019, the bar lowered to 5 years.
The ever-evolving front-end tech stack and the lack of tech educational institutions. The tech stack of front-end development changes every two years, and universities are struggling to catch up.
Talent pool size
America and Western European countries generate 90% of talent demand but suffer from a severe talent shortage, while Eastern European and Asian countries are the main centers for talent generation.