As one of the most attractive outsourcing locations in the world, Ukraine has high hopes for its IT market. What is the state of IT in 2014 and what trends are shaping the industry? Based on its user data and the data from the IT jobs resource Djinni.co, Ukraine’s largest developer portal DOU.ua has prepared an extensive report.
How Large Is the Talent Pool?
Currently, dou.ua suggests there are over 75,000 software developers, with 15,000 of them working for 1,000 employers. Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine, remains the most programmer-populated city, with about 45% of developers living and working there. Kharkiv, Lviv, Dnipropetrovsk, and Odesa are other top 5 Ukrainian IT centers.
What Are Their Skills and Experience?
According to the survey, Ukrainian developers are a young group, with an average age of 27 (which, by the way, is 2 years older than in 2011). Most participants are 24 years old, other large age groups are 26, 22, and 28.
The majority of Ukrainian developers have 1-3 years experience, although there is a significant share of entry-level specialists (less than 6 months of experience) and seasoned programmers with more than 10 years in the industry.
Reinforcing the reputation of Ukraine as an educated nation, 75% of respondents said they had higher education, and another 5% had a Master’s or a PhD. Only 4% and 16% respectively had no higher education or unfinished higher education. The overall level of English knowledge is fairly high: 84% of programmers speak intermediate English, 11% defined their level as fluent, and only 4% remain at the elementary level.
What Are the IT Companies Stats?
According to DOU.ua, there are currently 2,000 IT companies in Ukraine, with an average size of under 50 employees. The majority of them are involved in outsourcing: 61.2% are IT outsourcing service providers or offshore development centers. Product companies are the second largest groups - 26.1% of the companies, and startups make up 4.4% of Ukrainian IT firms.
The State of the Job Market
The supply, however, is higher still: 14-15 QA testers apply for each position. Junior developers are competing for jobs, too: while there are only 4% of Junior-level job openings, Juniors make up 22% of all applicants. Senior developers, on the contrary, are relatively scarce (at least those looking for employment). There are 811 applicants for 443 open positions, so each company looking for a Senior programmer gets an average of only 2 applications. For comparison, there are 443 Senior job openings and only 46 vacancies for Juniors.
All in all, it looks like more young people are entering the industry, but the demand on them is not that high. Experienced Senior-level developers are who companies are looking for, but it seems that programmers of that level are either not numerous enough or rarely on the market for jobs.
Ukrainian IT industry is steadily growing and remains fairly dependant on outsourcing and offshore development. The talent pool consists primarily of well-educated and English-proficient developers, even though the majority of them is still very young, with even more youngsters choosing software development as a career. Considering that, the prospects for 2015 should be bright.